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如何让“亲子共读”更有效、更科学?

2019-07-28 11:39:19来源:快乐赛车投注_快乐赛车投注网址|网站首页

    专家: 价值引导与孩子生活经验相结合 建立分级阅读体系提高选书素养

    ▲ 不能直接把对孩子产生不良影响的书拿掉,而是要把认可的好书先引进来,用亲子共读代替说教引导孩子转变思维

    ▲ 不管孩子多小,家长都要把亲子共读的主体地位让给孩子,让孩子多回应,把孩子的阅读行为和感受调动起来

    ▲ 分级阅读体系的建立需要以科学的儿童观为起点,以儿童发展心理学、儿童文学、少儿出版学等学科的研究为基础,结合不同年龄阶段的发展目标来制定

    □ zhongguofunvbao·zhongguofunvwangjizhe zhouyunxi

    shuqiyizhi,zhangjiazhongdepeibanshaobulejiazhanghehaiziweizuoyiqi,xipinshuxiang。ranerjinri,duobuchangxiaotongshuyinbufenneirong“shaoerbuyi”shoudaoguangfanguanzhu,yeranghenduojiazhangyinzijizaijihaizigoushushimeinengxixinzhenbie、“houzhihoujue”ergandao“zaoxin”。

快乐赛车投注    suizheqinzigongduyichengweijiatingjiaoyudebixupin,qinzigongdunengdailaideyichuyeyidedaoguangfanrentong。henduojiazhangweilehaizidejiankangchengzhang,gouzhitongshu、huibenhaobushouruan。dansuizhewentitongshujieerliansanbeipuguang,yerangjiazhangmenyishidao: jiazhangyingchongfencanyuertongyuedu,zaipeiban、zhidaozhongbangzhutamenmingbianshifei,genghaodiganzhijingdianshujizhongdezhenshanmei。

快乐赛车投注    zhongguoxinwenchubanyanjiuyuanfabudedishiwuciquanguoguominyuedudiaochabaogaoxianshi: 2017nian,zai0zhi8zhousuiertongjiatingzhong,pingshiyoupeihaizidushuxiguandejiatingzhan71.3%。raner,daduoshu“80hou”、“90hou”zaizijidetongnianshidaibingmeiyoutaiduoyujiazhanggongdudejingyan,zhuanshenchengweijiazhangdetamen,duiyuruheyouxiaokexuedipeibanhaiziqinziyuedurengzaibuduantansuozhong。

    童书中存在不适宜内容家长如何干预

    29suidelinvshiyouyigekeaide4suinver,meitianshuiqian,tadouhuiheairenyiqipeihaizidudutonghua、huiben,zaitamenkanlai,zheishilaoleileyitianhouzuiwenxindeshike。

快乐赛车投注    danjiuzaibujiuqian,linvshizaiwangshangkandaoyizejiuwen,lingtaduidaodigaijihaizidushenmeyangdeshuxinshengjiujie。yuanlai,haolaiwuyiweizhimingnvyanyuancenggongkaibiaoshi,zijibuyunxunverkan《huiguniang》,renwei《huiguniang》xuanyangdejiazhiguanbingbuzhengque。duiyuzheiyishuofa,linvshirenweiyouxiedaoli,danzheixiejingdiantonghuayecengshizijideshuiqianduwu,rujingengshihaizidexinaigushi,shigaipingchangyidaihaishiguoduanqizhi,linvshixinzhongzuonan。

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    dangtongshuzhongcunzaibushiyineirongshi,shifouhuiduihaizichanshengzhijieyingxiang?jiazhangshifouyingyuyiganyu?gaojijiatingjiaoyuzhidaoshi、guojiazhucexinlizixunshiliuchenglianshenyoutihui。

快乐赛车投注    tagaosujizhe,zijidenvercengyouguozheiyangyiduanjingli: “nver3suishi,kuailesaichetouzhujiukaishigentayiqiqinzigongdu,haiziyuedulianghenda,suoyishangxiaoxuehouzuowenyizhihenhao。danxiaoxuesannianjishi,kuailesaichetouzhuturanfaxian,haizidezuowenzhongchuxianleguaiyi,shenzhiyoucukoudeciju。”tazaigenhaizideliaotianzhonglejiedao,yuanlaidangshitongxuezhijiandouzaichuanyueyitaomingwei《wulongyuan》demanhuashu,nverxiezuofenggedegaibian,zhenggenneitaojingdianmanhuazuopinyouguan。

    neicijinglirangliuchenglianshenkeyishidao,shujiduihaizideyingxiangshirucikuaisu、zhijie,shouciyingxiang,haizisiweifangshidebianhuayeshirucimingxian。taguoduanjieruqizhong,duihaizijiyuqiadangdiaozheng,“nibunengzhijiebaduihaizichanshengbuliangyingxiangdeshunadiao,ershiyaobanirenkedehaoshuxianyinjinlai,yongqinzigongdudaitishuojiaoyidiandianyindaohaizizhuanbiansiwei。”

    价值引导要与孩子的生活经验相结合

快乐赛车投注    “niyexuyongyouyixiangxiangdezhubaohehenduocaifu,danshinirengranmeiyoukuailesaichetouzhufuyou,yinweikuailesaichetouzhuyouyigejianggushitingdemama。”《langdushouce》zhongdezheishoushi,linghenduojiazhangduiqinzigongdudezhongyaoyiyishenxinbuyi。erqinzigongdudeyichuyeshiduofangmiande。

    “tongshuyuerfa”chuangshiren、beishidaertongwenxueboshi、shoudoushifandaxuefujiaoshouchenmiaomiaorenwei,shouxian,zhongshiqinzigongdudejiating,haizidezaoqifazhanhuidedaogengqiangyoulidezhichi。qinzigongdu,gumingsiyi,shijiazhanghehaiziyiqilaifenxiangshu、fenxiangyuedu,danghaizinengzizhuyueduhou,qinzigongduhuimanmanbianruo、zhuanxing,suoyiqinzigongdukaizhandezao、kaizhandehaodejiating,shuomingyidingshizaihaizinengzizhuyueduqianjiuyijingzhongshihaizidezaoqijiaoyule。

快乐赛车投注    qici,qinzigongduduihaizirenzhifazhan、yuyanfazhan、qingxufazhan、pindefazhandengduofangmianfazhanyijiyuedunenglidouyoubangzhu: zai0~3suiyingyouerjieduan,jiazhangyongbiaoqing、shoushi、shengyindazaochudeyueduchangjing,bujinnengranghaizicongxiaoaiyuedu,gengnengtongguofengfuduoyuandeciji,cujintamenderenzhi、yuyan、qingxufazhanbuduandedaotisheng。zai3~6suijieduan,haizizhengchuzaijuxiangsiweijieduan,qinzigongduhaiyouliyuhaizipingepeiyanghesanguansuzao,yifangmian,gushibenshennengyishengdongdeqingjiehexingxiangdehuamianbangzhuhaizineihuahenduodaoli,lingyifangmian,gongduzhongfumukeyitongguoqinziduihuazuoyixieruanyindao。

    zuihou,qinzigongdubujinnengrangqinzizhijiandeqingganbiandegengrongqia,jihaizigengduoanquangan,hainengtishengjiazhangdepeibanzhiliang。qinzigongdushi,jiazhangdadouhuibahaizibaozaituishanghuozhelouzaixiongqian,zheizhongxiangchubenshenjiuhuijihaizidailaianquangan。

    chenmiaomiaoguanchadao,jiazhangmenduiqinzigongdudemudehefangfahaicunzaiyixiewuqu。“zaiqinzigongdudejiazhilinianshang,youxiejiazhanghuibeiyixie‘daka’xingweisuozuoyou,guangzhongshihaizideyuedushuliang,erhushileyueduzhiliangyijiyueduduihaizijingshenfazhandeyingxiang。zaigongdufangfashang,jiazhangzuikenengqianquedejiushihudongxing。buguanhaiziduoxiao,jiazhangdouyaobaqinzigongdudezhutidiweirangjihaizi,ranghaiziduohuiying,bahaizideyueduxingweiheganshoudiaodongqilai。”chenmiaomiaorenwei,zhangwolezheiyifangfa,jiuzhangwoleranghaiziaishangyuedudeguanjian。

    tiqiyixiezhenduijingdiantonghuadepipingzhiyi,chenmiaomiaorenwei,zheileitonghuaduhuobudubingfeizhongdian,zhongdianshiruguoduyaozenmedu。

快乐赛车投注    chenmiaomiaorenwei,“zaijintianzheigetuichong‘chengfengpolangdejiejie’deshidai,《huiguniang》ruguojinbeijieduchengshuijingxie、wangzi,neitaqueshihejiatingjiaoyudejiazhiquxiangzhijianchuxianlemaodun。buguo,kuailesaichetouzhukeyijiejianxiadangdaiguowaiertongwenxuekedui《huiguniang》dejiedu,laoshimenyong《huiguniang》tonghuayindaohaizimenyishidao,huiguniangshenshangyouhenduomeide,birutahenshoushi,shijianguanlinenglihenqiang,ruguotamomocengceng、tuotuolala,nei12dianqiankendingtiaobushangmache,zhiyuwangzi、xingfushenghuo,doushishenghuoduitameihaopindedekuizeng。”

    henduomingzhuguranjingdian,danruhecongyidaonan、youjianrufan、xunxujianjindiyindaobutongnianlingduandehaiziyueduhaoshu、qinjinmingzhu?ruherangchuantongdeertongwenhuaziyuan,zaijintiandeyuedushenghuozhong,zhanfangtayushijujindeguangmang?zheiduijiazhanglaishuodoushitiaozhan。

    cengyoujiazhangzixun: haizibuxihuanduyixiebidumingzhuru《gangtieshizenyanglianchengde》,zenmeyindao?duiyujiazhangzheiyipubianwenti,chenmiaomiaohuida,“jiazhangruguonenghehaiziyiqifenxiangduimingzhudexinde,duihaizilaishuogengshiyizhongxingqudejifa。ruguojiazhangyenengbazijiderenshengjingyanhewenxuejingdianmingzhudeneirongxiangjiehefenxiangjihaizi,duiqinziguanxiderongqiayeyoubangzhu。”zaitakanlai,jiazhiyindaoyaoyuhaizideshenghuojingyanxiangjiehe,yueducainengzhenzhengzoujinhaizideshengming。

    家长要担好亲子共读把关人

    “ruguojiazhangbujingxuanzedinaqiyibenkepuduwu,danqizhongdezhishiyouyingshang,neimejiuhuiyingxianghaiziderenzhi。ruguoyibenshudejiazhiguanniancunzaidisuqingxiang,neitaduihaizideyingxiangjiugengweishenyuanle,yinweiyigerendesanguan,wangwangjiushizaicongxiaoyidianyidideyueduzhongjianzaochulaide。”chenmiaomiaoyincihuyu,zailisuonengjideqingkuangxia,jiazhangyaodanhaoqinzigongdubaguanrendezhize。

    qinzigongduzhong,fumudeyueduzhidaobingfeiconghaizipengqishukaishi,ershishiyufumubangzhuhaizixuanshu。jiatingjiaoyudegexinghua,yefanyingzaijiatingyuedujiaoyudegexinghuashang。

    yiqingqijian,chenmiaomiaochuangjiande“tongshuyuerfa”yanjiutuanduihebeijingshishunyiqushenglijiedaojianxinnanqudiyishequgongtonghezuokaizhanlexianshangkongzhongketang,tongguohudongshijiangzuo,yiqitigaoshequjiazhangdexuanshusuyang,tebiezhenduikunraojiazhangdehaiziaifapiqikanshenmehuiben、quefazixinkanshenmehuibendengjutideyuerwenti,jiyuzhidao。

快乐赛车投注    tongguopengyoujieshao,yiqingqijian,jiazhujianxinnanqudiyishequdelelemamacanjialexianshangkongzhongketang,bingshouhuolebucuodetiyan。“chenmiaomiaolaoshimeiqidouhuizhenduihaizidenianling、tediandengjidajiatuijianheshideshu,kuailesaichetouzhuyemailebushao,haizibujinxihuan,hainengjiangjimeimei。”

快乐赛车投注    tidaoduihaiziyueduaihaodelejie,lelemamazhiyan“yuanyuanbugou”,“duoshujiazhanghuiyizijiderenzhiweizhulaijihaizixuanshu,kuailesaichetouzhuyeshiqizhongyige,buguotongguotinglaoshideke,rangkuailesaichetouzhugengnengzhuazhuhaizidetedian、gengdongta。meigexinshoufumudouyinggaixiangshubenhelaoshixuexi。”

    ruhebangzhujiazhangzhenxuantongshu,zuodao“rangshenmenianlingduandehaizidushenmeshu”,jianliyigegengweijianquandetongshufenjiyuedutixiyejiushouqidai。

    chenmiaomiaorenwei,fenjiyuedutixidejianlixuyaoyikexuedeertongguanweiqidian,yiertongfazhanxinlixue、ertongwenxue、shaoerchubanxuedengxuekedeyanjiuweijichu,jiehebutongnianlingjieduandefazhanmubiaolaizhiding。

    “jiazhangxuyaofenjiyuedukechengdezhidao,fenjibujinshiduibutongnianlingjieduanyinggaikanshenmetongshudefenji,yeshiduihaizibutongnianlingjieduanxia、butongfazhanlingyuyingdadaoshenmeyangdefazhanmubiaodefenji。fenjihuiranghaizideyuedugengkexue,rangjiazhangzhiqirangengzhiqisuoyiran。”chenmiaomiaoshuo。



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